Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Current studies by Anglo-American and European exegetes reveal a revisionary approach to modernity. Periodization and aesthetics vary from one culture to another. American literary criticism advances the idea of a two-phase modernism: the first modernism, in the first half of the 20th century, and the second, after World War II. Typologically speaking, there are important differences among its European and Anglo-American centres. European literary modernism includes many currents in literature, arts, music, and architecture: symbolism, parnassianism, surrealism, expressionism, abstractionism, cubism, futurism, fobism, Dada, futurism, vorticism, etc. Anglo-American modernism gravitates around poet Ezra Pound and his imagist manifesto. European modernism reaches its peak with the avant-garde movements of the early twentieth century, perceived as “an extreme manifestation of modernity.” European modernists innovate through a break with tradition, while the Anglo-Americans capitalize on assimilation and renovation of tradition. Our paper is a survey of reception and canonization.
Keywords: modernism, periodization, poetics, representations